Make incremental decisions to achieve an objective and avoid
up-front commitment to a decision you cannot change.
Example: Before installing
air-conditioning, try screens, shades, and fans. These alone may do
the job. If not, these improvements will still have helped cool the
building and increase air-conditioning efficiency if later
Use information available to probe for a solution.
Exploring is a modified trial-and-error strategy to manage risk.
Unlike a throw of dice, however, it requires a firm sense of
purpose and direction. Use this technique to move cautiously in
small steps toward a solution.
Example: Doctors avoid committing
to a single, incomplete diagnosis of an illness. Through tentative
but precise exploration, they determine the cause of an illness and
Managing by exception
Work on those matters that are critical to you, and leave matters
to others that are not. Strategizing and
Example: You tutor a child in
math. You become aware that the family situation is troubled,
but you haven't the skills to help. You inform the case
manager for theri action, but continue to focus on the supporting
the child with his/her homework
Spread risk by avoiding decisions that lock you into a single
choice if you are not prepared to commit.
Example: astute investors
don't "put all their eggs in one basket." They spread risks with a
balanced portfolio of stocks, bonds, and cash.
Options based on your experience, values, and emotions,
values?br> your gut feelings and your heart! While often able to
arrive at the truth through intuition, don't rely on it
exclusively. It can trigger snap judgments and rash decisions. Use
logic first, then your intuition to make the decision "feel"
If an immediate decision isn't necessary and there's time to
develop options, go slow or let it wait. Sometimes doing nothing is
the best decision; the problem either goes away, or events overcome
Delegation to another
if the problem can be solved better by someone else, if the
problem is not really yours in the first place (identify
stakeholders!), or your resources (time, money, etc.) will not be
Vision, opportunity, and
Focus on the future to uncover hidden opportunities and
options. With options, we make better decisions. Without them,
decisions become forced choices. By finding tomorrow's
opportunities and developing options, you can make enduring,
Avoiding decisions to escape the unpleasant aspects of risk, fear,
Refusing to face the issue; obsessive gathering of endless
Letting a situation spin out of control; letting emotions take
Reversing decisions; half-heartedly committing to a course of
Muddling through. Making the safest decision to avoid controversy
but not dealing with the whole problem